Analytical Study of Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Activity of Pollen (Typha domingensis pers.) Extracted from the Papyrus Plant and its Use in Cake Enrichment
Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences,
2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 126-136
AbstractThe pollen (typha domingensis pers.) of the papyrus plant is one of the foods rich in minerals and active chemical compounds, known for its important properties. This study came to determine those chemical compounds and the possibility of including pollen in the development of suitable cake formulations. The active compounds in the three pollen extracts (aqueous, ethanol, and hexane) were determined by gas chromatography connected to a mass spectrometer (GCMS), The total content of flavonoids and the antioxidant activity by free radicals DPPH was estimated by hydrogen donation for all chemical extracts, The mineral elements were estimated by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) as well as studying the sensory properties of pollen cake. The results showed that pollen contains many active compounds such as gamma.sitosterol, catechol, propionic acid, phenols and palmitoleic acid. The highest total flavonoids content was at the concentration of 75 mg/ml, as it ranged between 99 mg/ml for the ethanolic extract and 98 mg/ml for the aqueous and hexane extract. The pollen extracts showed that they had a good ability to inhibit free radical DPPH by donating hydrogen , the results showed that there were no significant differences in the percentage of inhibition of the extracts , which amounted to 83% ,79% and 76% for hexane ,ethanol and aqueous extracts at a concentration of 75mg/ml .The results showed that the pollen contained a good content of calcium, potassium, magnesium and zinc, which amounted to (19.794, 23.620, 4.578 and 0.08) g/L, respectively. Sensory evaluation also showed excellent potential of pollen when used as a functional ingredient in cake making
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