Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Main Subjects : Agricultural product health and safety


Consumers’ Perception, Nutritional and Mineral Composition of Processed Cowhide (Ponmo) as Affected by Different Processing Methods

Saheed Ademola Ahmed; Ibrahim Kayode Banjoko; Muhammed Motolani Ahmed; Muyideen Ajadi Isiaka; Ifabiyi John Oluwaseun

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2022, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 65-69
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2022.133171.1035

The study was conducted to determine the influence of different processing methods; scalding and singeing on cowhide. Forty (40) pieces each of white scaled Ponmo and black singed Ponmo were pulled together and randomly subjected for proximate evaluation, organoleptic properties determination and mineral contents determination. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the result in a complete randomize design using Duncan Multiple Range Test to separate the means. The result shows that the nutritional value of white scaled Ponmo was significantly higher (p<0.05) than black singed Ponmo. The colour and flavour were better preferred in white scaled Ponmo, aroma in black singed Ponmo, while there was no significant difference in texture, juiciness and overall acceptability of both products. Mineral contents was significantly higher (p<0.05) in white scaled Ponmo compared to black singed Ponmo. The processing methods used in the study therefore, affects the nutrient, eating qualities and mineral contents of the two final products, with white scaled Ponmo having better consumers’ perception and nutritional qualities.

Effect of Spraying with High Phosphorus Solution and Potassium sulfate on Growth and Yield of Vicia faba L.

Hussein Hameed Abbood AL-Omrani; Evan Abdulhassan Teacher

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2022, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 35-39
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2022.132856.1026

The current experiment was conducted during the winter season of 2020/2021 in one of the fields belongs to Horticulture and landscape Engineering Department / College of Agriculture / University of Qadisiyah in order to find out the effect of spraying high phosphorus solution and potassium sulfate on growth and yield of Vicia faba cv. local. The experiment included nine factorial treatments: the interaction between spraying with an activator solution contains high phosphorus at concentrations of 0, 1 and 2 g. L-1 and spraying with potassium sulfate at concentrations of 0, 1 and 2 g L -1 also and their interaction in a complete random block design with three replicates. Results showed that spraying with high phosphorus solution at their two concentrations increased all parameters studied especially at a concentration of 2 g.L-1 such as plant eight, number of branches, chlorophyll content, number of pods, pod weight, seed weight and plant yield which recorded values of 88.00 cm, 4.48 branches, 43.78 Spad, 14.50, 19.79 g, 3.83 g and 286.95 g, respectively. Same results were found for potassium sulfate, where the highest concentration gave the highest values except the number of pods which did not differ from the control treatment, and the weight of the pod, where the two concentrations were not differ significantly from each other although they exceeded the control treatment in their effect. With regard to the interaction between the two factors, the combination of the higher concentration of both substances was superior in giving the highest values of the parameters studied except for the number of pods which recorded the highest value at the combination treatment of 1 g. L-1 of phosphorus and 0 g. L-1 of potassium.

Effect of Different Proportions of Probiotics on Immunological Blood Parameters of Babcock Laying Hens Strain

Moustafa Abed-Almajeed; mahdi salih; Omar Mardenli; Faez Saleh Mohammad; Ammar subhy Shaker; Hawraa G.T.Al-Shebani; Asmaa Mohammed D. K

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 67-71
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.170204

The research was conducted at the Research Center of Agriculture Faculty of the University of Aleppo. 240 chickens of Babcock B300 strain were used and distributed randomly from day one into four independent groups. Each group included 60 birds distributed into three replicates (20 birds). The control group (A group) was fed a balanced standard feed mixture (1-18 weeks) without additives, while lactic acid bacillus was added to treatments groups according to three levels (50 mg/kg feed; B group, 100 mg/kg feed; C group and 150 mg/kg feed; D group). Haematological analyzes were performed over two- time intervals (1-21 weeks and 22-32 weeks). In the first time interval, results showed that a rise in blood albumin (P<0.001) was also observed in C and D groups compared to the A group. The rates of blood globulin increased (P<0.02) in the D group compared with the rest of the groups. No significant differences were noticed across the various groups for the total number of white blood cells and lymphocytes rates. In the second time interval (productive stage), significant differences (P<0.01) were noticed across the various groups in the percentages of the total protein (the highest value was 4.75 g/dl; B group) and serum albumin (the highest value was 3.26 g/dl; D group). It is concluded from the current study that the addition of probiotics to the mixtures of laying hens had a significant improvement in the immune parameters in the blood.

Isolation and diagnosis of Bacillus sp from the rhizosphere of halophytic wild plants and evaluation of the efficiency of isolates in dissolving Tri-Calcium Phosphate

Saad Hussein; Najim A. Jumah Al-Zubaidy; Faris Mohammad Suhail

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 37-43
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.131945.1012

Bacillus sp was isolated and diagnosed from the rhizosphere of halophytic wild plants (Schanginia aeguptiace plant, Atriplex halimus plant, and the comparison soil far from the effect of the roots) and during three stages of plants growth (germination stage, vegetative growth stage, stage post flowering), and for three locations that included (Diyala University, Muqdadiya , Baladrooz) during the season of 2020. The diagnosis included studying the phenotypic, microscopic and biochemical features of these isolates and testing their efficiency in dissolving Tri-calcium phosphate Ca3(po4)2 as a source of phosphate after growing them in liquid and solid Pikovskayas media and estimating its solubility factor, and its efficiency in changing the degree of the medium reaction. The results of isolation and diagnosis showed the spread of Bacillus sp in saline environments, as 7 isolates out of 27 isolates that isolated during the growth stages of different halophytic wild plants were belonged to Bacillus subtilis, viz (B1, B5, B6, B7, B11, B15, B18, B19, B22, B23, B26), while the rest of the isolates belonged to Bacillus megaterium, whereas the isolates B1 and B2 were recorded the highest solubility factor reached (1.40 and 1.50) respectively, the isolate B26 was able to reduce the pH value of the inoculated medium to 4.81.

Efficacy of Using Lactic Acid Bacillus on Productive Parameters of Babcock B300 Laying Hens Strain

mahdi salih; Moustafa Abed-Almajeed; Omar Mardenli; Faez Saleh Mohammad; Ammar subhy Shaker; Hawraa G.T.Al-Shebani; Asmaa Mohammed D. K

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 72-77
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.170226

This research was carried out in the Research Center of the Faculty of Agriculture in Al-Muslimiya, 240 hybrid Babcock B300 female laying hens were randomly distributed since the first day of the experiment into four independent groups. Each group included 60 birds according to three replicates (20 birds in each replicate). Lactic acid bacillus was added to the feed mixture according to three levels (50 mg/kg; B group, 100 mg /kg; C group and 150 mg/kg; D group), while the first group was considered as a control group (A group) and was without additions. During the production period, the results showed that the addition of lactic acid bacillus led to significant differences (p<0.03) in the egg production and shell thickness compared with the control group. The additions did not affect the egg weight and feed consumption rate as well as the feed conversion ratio. The birds of the third group (C group) showed clear superiority in various productive traits compared to others in the other groups throughout the productive period followed by the birds of group D and then group B. The current study concluded that adding 100 mg /kg lactic acid bacillus to the feed mixtures for laying hens will contribute to raising the productive efficiency of laying hens and improving egg specifications.

Analytical Study of Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Activity of Pollen (Typha domingensis pers.) Extracted from the Papyrus Plant and its Use in Cake Enrichment

Nareman Adeem Shnaa Aljazy; Alaa R. Abdulstar; Jinan Mohammed Fayyad Alrakabi

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 126-136
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.132392.1017

The pollen (typha domingensis pers.) of the papyrus plant is one of the foods rich in minerals and active chemical compounds, known for its important properties. This study came to determine those chemical compounds and the possibility of including pollen in the development of suitable cake formulations. The active compounds in the three pollen extracts (aqueous, ethanol, and hexane) were determined by gas chromatography connected to a mass spectrometer (GCMS), The total content of flavonoids and the antioxidant activity by free radicals DPPH was estimated by hydrogen donation for all chemical extracts, The mineral elements were estimated by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) as well as studying the sensory properties of pollen cake. The results showed that pollen contains many active compounds such as gamma.sitosterol, catechol, propionic acid, phenols and palmitoleic acid. The highest total flavonoids content was at the concentration of 75 mg/ml, as it ranged between 99 mg/ml for the ethanolic extract and 98 mg/ml for the aqueous and hexane extract. The pollen extracts showed that they had a good ability to inhibit free radical DPPH by donating hydrogen , the results showed that there were no significant differences in the percentage of inhibition of the extracts , which amounted to 83% ,79% and 76% for hexane ,ethanol and aqueous extracts at a concentration of 75mg/ml .The results showed that the pollen contained a good content of calcium, potassium, magnesium and zinc, which amounted to (19.794, 23.620, 4.578 and 0.08) g/L, respectively. Sensory evaluation also showed excellent potential of pollen when used as a functional ingredient in cake making

Determination of Antioxidant Capacity, Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents of Zahdi Date Seed and Their Effect on Beef Patties

Nareman Adeem Shnaa Aljazy; Aum El-Basher H.J. Al-Mossawi; Ali Khudair Jaber Al Rikabi

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 137-149
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.132415.1019

The study included preparation of aqueous (As) and alcoholic (ethanolic Es,methanolic Ms) and oil extracts (Os) of Zahdi date seeds (Zs)(Phoenix dactylifera) . Chemical content of date seed was studied and the total content of phenols and flavonoids were estimated for prepared extract. Bioactive compounds of this extract was identification by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometer GCl MS. Antioxidant activity , reducing power, chelating of iron ions of extract was studied , then used the extract which gave highest antioxidant activity in beef patties with two concentrations 0.05% and 0.1% to test their efficiency in oxidative inhibition and prolonging the reservoir age of stored beef patties in refrigerated for 10 – days and following chemical indicators in Peroxide value(PV) , Thiobarbituric acid(TBA) in treated beef patties . Moisture , protein ,oil, ash and carbohydrate contents of Zs 9.36%, 4.87% , 8.56% , 1.34%, 75.87% respectively . All extracts containing many bioactive compounds that identification of GC-MS and differented in their percentage according to the type of extract. All extracts share with some bioactive compound as 1-(+)-Ascorbic acid 2,6-dihexadecanoate, gamma.sitosterol ,Octadecanoic 5-Methyl-2-ethylamino-2-thiazoline, acid , Hexadecanoic acid and 2-hydroxy-1-(hydrixymethyl)ethylester . Alcoholic extracts (Es and Ms) exhibited the highest content of phenolic compound compared with As was 67.32mglml for Es , Ms was 65.32mglml While the total content of flavonoids for As 33.32mglml and Es 52.16 mglml , 46.16mglml for Ms , As and alcoholic extracts of Zs exhibited antioxidant activity was 88.70% for Es and 87.02% for Os , 85.22% for Ms , but As was the lowest 43.01% . The prepared extracts showed the higher reducing power was 2.63 and Chelating of iron ions 60.93 % and for Es ,There was a significant decrease (P<0.05)in peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid in beef patties treated with ethanolic extracts compared with control.

Avain Coccidial Review

Batool Kadhim Meteab; Mahasen Abedalrazzaq; Asseel Abdulridha Saeed

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 55-61
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.170104

Dep. Pathology and Poultry Diseases /coll. Vet.Med./ AL-Qadissiyah University Summary Coccdiosis consider sever disorder and necessary from an financial factor of view in poultry   industry which has been controlled efficaciously for decades using more often than not anticoccidial products so the understood this disorder may additionally be help to control it. The economic impact of coccidiosis is probably underestimated, and increasing anticoccidial treatments might be useful to the broiler sector. Furthermore, a connection between subclinical coccidiosis and bacterial enteritis renders selecting the perfect tools and technique for poultry producers very difficult. Implementing sound shuttle and rotation programs is now a part of the solution for not just controlling clinical, but also subclinical coccidiosis.