Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Keywords : varieties

Estimation of Some Genetic Parameters and Correlation in the Varieties of Bread Wheat under the Conditions of AL-Diwaniyah

Ayed kadham mseer; Reyadh Jabbar M.Al maliky

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 10-15
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2019.162660

A field experiment was carried out in the fields of one of the farmers in AL Diwaniyah Governorate for the winter season 2015/2016 using nine varieties of wheat bread (Tamoze 1, Tamoze 2, , Maksebak, Sabah, Eba 95, Latifia, Eba 99, Abu Ghraib and Sham 6). RCBD Used design with three replicate in order to estimation of some genetic parameters and correlation of bread wheat varieties under the experiment Diwaniyah to determine the most effect characters on yield that can be used as guide to select and improve the yield . an account Genetic and phenotypic variation , correlation coefficient, inheritance ratio in broad and narrow Expected genetic improvement ratio for character hight plant , namber of Branches , spike length , number of grains spike ,weight of 1000 and yield ..
The results showed that there were significant differences between the cultivars, with the superiority of the Eba 99 by giving the highest rate of 1043.3 kg / dunum between the varieties. There were significant differences between the studied characters Abu99 the superiority in number of branches , length of spick , number of the seed spick and ,weight of 1000 grin their average ( 11.33, 12.0, 66.3 and 47.3 gram, respectively), which were positively reflected in grain yield.
The genetic, environmental and morphological differences of the studied character were significant and the values of the genetic and phenotypic factors were correlated to most traits and inheritance in the broad sense higher (0.592 - 0.728)
As an average percentage medal of most traits, but genetic and phenotypic correlation were significant in the desired direction of most yield and therefore yield can be considered as an electoral tool in breeding and plant improvement programs.

The Effect of Organic Matters on tow Cultivars of Rice (Anber-33 and Yassimen)

Ayeed Kadhim Maseer

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2014, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 116-126
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2014.97293

A field experiment has been conducted at Diwaniya Governorat of 2010,2011 seasons . The study determines the effects of Agri ful on growth and yield of rice (oryza sativa) behavior of tow cultivars(Anber-33 and Yassimen).
The experiment has been conducted as a factorial experiment with R.C.B.D design with three Replicates to determine the best level of organic matter and best cultivars.
Results show that yassimen cultivar gives the first level (4liter h-400 liter water)of organic matter superior in giving higher grain Kg/Donum .due to the higher of filled panicle ,biological yield ,index harvest season 2010,2011 significantly higher than the other .
Anber-33 cultivar is superior in giving higer1000 grain significant weight higher than the other cultivar due to giving the lest mean of infertility percentage the interaction between the two cultivars and the three concretions of organic matter level is significant higher than the number of grain non filled panicle and infertility percentage and grain yield gm-1 .