Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Keywords : Bean


The Effect of the Treatment of Foliar Different Nutritional and Hormonal on the Growth Yield of Four Varieties of Vica faba L.

Salama T. Al-Musawi; Faisal M. M. Al-Tahir

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2018, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 27-34
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2018.162650

A field experiment is conducted during winter season 2015-2016 at Al-Bender zone dependent to farmer (3 km province center) to study effect of foliar of different treatment (Auxin, Boron, Proline and control) on growth and yield of four faba bean varieties(Aquadulce, Filo Semilles, Grano violetto and local). The experiment is Split-plot arrangement with Randomize Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with three replicates. Varieties have occupied the main plots while the treatment occupied the sub-plot.
The result of the experiment shows the treatment spry of Auxin get high mean of the height of plant (cm), No. of fertility branches, percentage contract(47%), total grain yield(3215 kg h-1) and content seed protein without significance of Boron spry treatment, also the harvest index was non-significant with treatment of with spraying of Boron and Proline. treatment of spry of proline is significant in branches vegetative and content seed proline.
The results show that the Aquadulec variety reaches the highest plant height , seed100 weight (178.2 gm) and total grain yield(3342 kg h-1). Variety Grano violetto reaches the highest leaf chlorophyll content, No. Pods per plant(33.06 Pods plant-1) No. vegetative branches, No. of seed per Pods(4.26 seed Pods-1) and seed proline content.
The combination of (Aquadulce-Auxin) reaches the highest means of plant height, fresh weight plant, While the combination (Aquadulce-Boron) give the highest No. of Pods (43.85 pod plant-1) and total grain yield(4084 kg h-1).-1).

Effect of Salinity and Compost on Some Enzymes Activity in Rizhosphere of Bean and Tomato Plants

Luma S.J.Al-Taweel; Radi K.Al-Rashidi

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2016, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 37-57
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2016.110161

The aim of this study is to discover the activity of extracellular enzymes (amidase , alkaline phosphatase and Arylsulphatase) in vertical and horizontal developing directions of rhizosphere (0-5 and 5-10) cm . The plot experiment is performed in college of Agriculture / Al-Qadissiya University for the spring season 2013 ,the loamy sand soil was used to cultivate Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum mill) and Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) plants under salinity levels (without salted the natural salinity) , 6 , 8 and 10 ds.m-1 and compost levels (0,10 ,20)T.h-1 , and their interactions randomized complete design (RCD) is used with three replicates used with L.S.D test 5% level .The laboratory experiment is performed to determine the all enzymes activity above for all treatments .

The results are summarized as :
1- Enzyme activity decreases with increasing the salinity levels for all enzymes used in this study and the salinity level 10 ds.m-1 is the lowest. The arrangement of activity values as
Alkaline Phosphatase  Amidase  Arylsulphatase
2- The enzyme activity increased with increasing the added compost level 20Ton.h-1 and its interactions with salinity levels , and it has positive role to reduce the negative effect of salinity and it increases the activity in all treatments as well as the dead plant treatments .
3- The enzymes activity varied in rhizosphere developing directions and the plants are different in the site of highest activity , the enzyme activity in horizontal rhizosphere developing direction is highest than the vertical direction .
4- The enzyme activity in Tomato rhizosphere is the higher than Bean rhizosphere in all enzymes without the alkaline phosphatase in all rhizosphere vertical and horizontal directions .