Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Keywords : Algeria


The Continental Intercalary in Algeria: Analysis, Survey and Perspectives for Green Agriculture Development

Salim Etsouri; Hakim Bachir; Mohamed Bouaziz; Ferhat Kaci; Rabia Malkia; Kaddour Etsouri

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2022, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 20-29
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2022.132568.1022

The Northern Sahara Aquifer System (NSAS) is a complex system that includes several aquifers overlying most areas. The Continental Intercalary, also known as the "Albian groundwater" is an aquifer with impressive characteristics. It extends over three countries: Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. Intended for crop irrigation, the boreholes drilled in this Algerian aquifer, the boreholes carried out on this aquifer are artesian in their totality, with flows and pressures reaching in some places considerable values, of the order of 0,4 m3.s-1 for the flow and 3.106 Pa for the pressure. These two parameters are necessary to appreciate the energy potential of the Albian groundwater. A survey of the Continental Intercalary was carried out to study its energy potential. We were able to gather all possible data concerning the boreholes in the Algerian aquifer part. The study covered 295 boreholes that were identified and well documented, spread over 3 regions in southern Algeria. The water from the artesian boreholes in the Albian groundwater is transported to storage basins (for drinking water supply, irrigation and industry) for later use, or distributed directly to users after lowering the temperature of the water in the cooling towers. In these operations, all the hydraulic energy is lost and external energy is required from the electricity grid to meet the needs. The cumulative energy potential of all the boreholes identified has reached the theoretical value of 168GWh/year, the equivalent of 14520 toe (ton of oil equivalent) that are lost annually. Best management of this natural resource will not only enable resilient and sustainable management of the production systems and the environment, but also the energy needed to cool the water, as well as the energy needed for the maintenance of the boreholes and the facilities in the direct neighbourhood.

Improvement of Interpolation Using Information From Rainfall Stations and Comparison of Hydroclimate Changes (1913-1938)/(1986-2016)

Hakim Bachir; Souheila Kezouh; M‘hamed Ait-oubelli; Ahcène Semar; Dalila Smadhi; Karim Ouamer-ali

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 54-67
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.129350.1002

The primary objective of this study is to use a better method for rainfall mapping in areas with low density rain gauge networks. Secondly, to identify and study hydro-climatic change in the semi-arid high plains of eastern Algeria on the basis of a comparative mapping approach. The latter concerns the annual rainfall map produced by the authors of this paper for the period studied (1986/2016) and the annual rainfall map for the period 1913/1938, prepared by Chaumont and Paquin (1971). The results of this analysis show that isohyets between 300 mm and 350 mm cover a large part of the study area, they occupy an area of 14444 Km², followed by isohyets between 200 mm and 300 mm with an area of 5298 Km². In addition, the comparative analysis between the periods showed that hydro-climatic change was clear for the 200 mm, 300 mm and 400 mm isohyets, whereas there are no major changes for the 500 mm and above isohyets. Data processing based on a combination of statistical and geostatistical analysis (multiple linear regression and kriging) has once again shown the value of taking into account other parameters in the design of rainfall maps, such as geomorphological and geographical parameters.

AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF CORN (Zea mays L.) TO A BIOSTIMULANT FROM THE SOUTHEASTERN ALGERIA

LAKHDARI Wassima; DEHLIZ Abderrahmene; MLIK Randa; CHERGUI Salima; BENLAMOUDI Wiam; LAKHDARI Fatma; ACHEUK Fatma; HAMMI Hamida

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 215-220
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.167068

Abstract: This study highlights the effect of a biostimulant based on Trichoderma, indigenous antagonistic fungus from the region of Touggourt, on the development of a local variety of corn. This study was conducted at the experimental station of National Institute of Agronomic Research (Sidi Mehdi, Touggourt) as a complete randomaize block designe. The examined agro-morphological parameters showed that the application of this bioproduct stimulates vegetative growth of the plant. Besides, better germination and earliness of seeds. The results showed more interesting values were obtained in the treated plots (height = 135.9 cm, diameter = 28.9 mm, surface of leaves = 318 cm2, Pan = 10.2 panicles/plant) compared to those of the controls (height = 98.6 cm, diameter = 23.7 mm, surface of leaves = 260.4 cm², Pan = 7.4 panicles/plant). Statistical analyzes confirmed the existence of a very highly significant difference between treated and control subjects.