Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Keywords : Irrigation periods

The Role of BioFertilizer in Reduction of Irrigation Periods for the Yield and Components of Mung Bean

Jawad Abed Al-Kadhim Kamal; Maytham Abbas Jawad

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2018, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 52-64
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2018.162637

A field study has been conducted during autumn season of 2016 at Karbala province of Hindia by mung bean plant Vigna radiate L. is a local category to study the interrelated effect of both the Mycorrhiza fungi (Glomus mosseae (and the Rhizobia bacteria (R.leguminosarum)Under levels of water stress. Three treatments of irrigation are used ; (S1 irrigation every 5 days and S2 irrigation every 10 days and S3 irrigation every 15 days) and four levels of Bio fertilizer are used (without inoculation) (C0) and (Rhizobium inoculation) (R) and (mycorrhiza inoculation)(M) and (the interaction between mycorrhiza and Rhizobium) (M+R). A split plot in randomized complete block design is used with three replications to do this experiment. Treatments of irrigation are used as main plots while Bio fertilizer levels are used as sub-plot. Least significant difference (LSD) at 5% probability is used to compare between the means.
The results showed irrigation every 5 days (S1) was superior in having the highest average of (The dry weight of the root, number of pod per plant, number of seeds per pod ,100 seeds weight ,seed yield , Biological yield) Amount (0.78 gm. Plant-1, 31.33 pods. Plant-1 , 8.45 seed .pod-1 , 3.82 gm ,3.77 tan .ha-1 , 7.37tan .ha-1) respectively. without significant difference between them treatment of irrigation 10 days (S2) in 100-seed weight 3.50 gm. Moreover treatment Bio fertilizer (R+M) significantly gives the highest means for yield and yield components (0.89 gm. Plant-1, 33.64 pods. Plant-1 , 8.42 seed .pod-1 , 4.10 gm , 4.00 tan .ha-1, 7.70 tan .ha-1) respectively. The interaction among (R+M)S1,(R+M)S2 and(M)S1 significantly give the highest means for all plant characteristics. .

The Effect of Proline Acid Spray on Sunflower Crop (Helianthus Annuus.L) to Reduce Water Stress and Maintaining Irrigation Periods

Hashim R.Majid; Shaker E. Al-Bahadly

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2016, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 90-102
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2016.110166

Field experiment has been conducted during 2014 season in farmer's fields in the Auffia district 14 km southwest of Missan province in mixtures of mud soil. The objective of the study is to determine the response of sunflower (Helianthus annuus.L) hybrid- flame to Proline amino acid to reduce water stress and maintaining irrigation periods . The experiment has been executed in split-plot in R.C.B.D design with three replicates. The main plots include irrigation periods (every 10 days; every 15 days and every 20 days). while the sub-plots include Proline treatments (50 mg L-1 ; 100mg L-1 and control treatment without spray ). After farming and applying the studied factors plants name reached to physiologic maturity. the outcome of results are analyzed statistically and compared with averages using L.S.D. test.
The results show surpasses that spraying Proline 100 mg L-1 concentration compared with the treatment without spraying in the characteristic of growth and quality and give high scours.
Also the result show the surpasses of irrigation every 10 days in the characteristic of growth and quality as compared with periods of irrigation (every 20 days) which gives less results. The results show that there is a moral interfere for Proline concentration and irrigation periods in most of studied characteristics and the opportunity to reduce irrigation number (irrigation every 15 days) when spraying plants in Proline acid 100 mg L-1 . This would save approximately 44% from irrigation water under the current environmental condition of Auffia-Missan.