Author : A. Al-Katranny, Sarah
Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences,
2016, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 117-126
A field experiment is conducted during the Winter season 2014-2015 in one of the agricultural fields in Sarraji area south of Basra Province, just 2 km from the center of the province (soil Texture loamy clay), The goal of the study is to determine the best combination of the distribution of plants between Rows and hills and to get the best seed yield. The Carried out the experiment design is (R.C.B.D) with four replication with two factors : the first factor four distances between the Rows (30, 40, 50 and 60 cm) and the second factor is three spaces between the hills(10, 15 and 20 cm), the factorial experiment is used with 48 experimental units.
Results show the different distance between the Rows of cultivation among themselves morally in most of the traits excelled as distance 30 cm between the Rows at all the distances used to achieve the highest seed yield amounted to 3463.94 kg/h as this distance has worked to increase the plant significantly which is increased since giving rise the highest rate of highest plants 122.50 cm and also excels in the 100-seed weight at a rate 140.20g. while surpassing the distance of 60 cm in leaf area is at a rate of 0.29 m2 and the highest rate of number pods at plant reach 15.48 pod/ plant and the number of seeds/ pod average of 4.37 seeds/ pod. As the results show that differing distances of cultivation between hills among them as surpassed the distance of 10 cm seed yield 3817.85 kg/ h in 93.73 plant height cm and outperformed the distance of 20 cm in the number of pods/ plant 13.43 pod/ plant and the number of seeds/ pod 3.80 seed/ pod in 0.22 m2 leaf area, while surpassing the distance of 15 cm in 100-seed weight is 98.02 g. The results show that there is a significance between the Rows and the hills which are significant in most of the traits and the effect of the interaction is similar to the effect of the main factors as an excelled combination 30*10 in the sum total of seeds yield to 4067.22 kg/ h as well as excelled in plant height is 131.45 cm and also surpassing 100 seed weight 156.64 g, while the combination 60*20 is excelled in a number pods rate of 18.8 pod/ plant and the number of seeds/ pod at a rate of 5.18 seed/ pod and leaf area of the plant 0.35 m2 .