Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Author : Mohamad Hamid, Shehab

Effect of Substitution of Vicia Sativa Raw and Treated Seeds as A substitute for Soybean Meal on Productive Performance of Broiler Chickens

Shehab Mohamad Hamid; Salim Thanon Younis; Mahmood Ahmed Mohammad

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 408-414
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.167502

The study was carried out using 405 chicks with a one-day-old, type Rose 308. The birds were randomly distributed to nine experimental treatments, with three replicates per treatment (15 birds/replicate). The birds were fed ad libitum during the 42-day trial period, 9 diets were used for study in the starter and 9 diets in the finisher period, as protein source used the Vetch 12.5% and 25% as an alternative to soybean meal, Vetch was treated by soaking in water or acetic acid (1% concentration) or by adding activated charcoal 50 gm / 100 kg diets. The results of the 21-day starter level showed a significant difference (P < 0.05) for live body weight, weight gain, consumed feed, and feed conversion ratio between control treatment and Vetch treatments 12.5% and 25% soaked water, acid and activated charcoal. While there were no significant differences in Mortality% in the period 21 days, in the finisher period (22-42 days), the results showed significant differences (P <0.05) between control treatment, Vetch seed and Vetch seeds treatments for body weight, weight gain, consumed feed and feed conversion ratio, Also, there was no significant difference between treatments for mortality% in this period.

Effect of Substitution Millet Energy Instead of Yellow Corn Energy on Growth and Production Diet in Partridge

Firas Khaleel Ibrahim; Salim Thanon Younis; Shehab Mohamad Hamid

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 442-448
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.168039

The research was carried out in the Livestock Research Division / Nineveh Research Department using 720 birds at one-day-old, distributed on four substitution millet energy 0% (control), 20%, 30%, and 40% instead of corn energy, to study its effect on the growth and production periods for partridge. The results showed that the 30% substitution treatment was significantly superior (P <0.05) on control treatment in body weight, Also, in feed consumption, the three treatments were significantly superior (P < 0.05) on control treatment, while there was no significant difference between the four treatments for weight gain and food conversion ratio in the starter period (1-4) weeks of age. As for the growth period (5-24) weeks, a significant decrease (P <0.05) in body weight is observed with an increase in the millet replacement percentage, the control treatment was significantly superior (P <0.05) on the 30% substitution treatment in the weight gain, whereas the control treatment, decreased significantly (P <0.05) from the substitution treatment 40% in the feed consumption and food conversion ratio. As for the egg production stage, the control treatment was significantly superior (P <0.05) on 20% and 40% treatments in the number and percentage of eggs, the feed consumed was not affected by the treatments under study, while there was a significant difference (P <0.05) between the age of 26 weeks and the age of 33 weeks in feed consumption, Control treatment decreased significantly (P <0.05) from substitution treatment 20% in FCR / Dozen egg. the treatment of substitution 30% increased significantly (P <0.05) on control treatment for hatching%, fertility% and hatching from fertilized eggs%.