About Journal

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences (QJAS) is being published by college of Agriculture 2011 and it is covered by University of Al-Qadisiyah . Publisher: University of Al-Qadisiyah . Society/Institution: University of Al-Qadisiyah, College of Agriculture. Address: Iraq - Diwaniyah (Qadisiyah) - Nouria district - University of Al-Qadisiyah - College of Agriculture. The international number of QJAS are:PISSN  2077-5822EISSN  2618-1479 It is published biannual (2 issues for a volume). QJAS Deal with: Crop production: grains;...
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Journal Information

Publisher: University of Al-Qadisiyah

Email:  agrjou@qu.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Prof. Dr. Hayyawi Wewa Attia Al-jutheriy

Managing Editor: Asst.Prof.Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Mohammed

Print ISSN: 2077-5822

Online ISSN: 2618-1479

Study of Sediments Accumulated of Tigris River in Al-Kut Barrage and Their Effect on Engineering Criteria of River Sections

Afnan Nema Mnaty; Jamal Naser Abedalrahman

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 1-9
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168284

The study was conducted on the Tigris River, in front of the Al-Kut Barrage. The study period continued (11 months), where six vertical sections were chosen upstream of Kut Barrage, the distance between one section to another was 100 m. The first section begins at 350 m from the front of Barrage. The result showed that variation in the discharge of Tigris River in  upstream of Kut Barrage during the months of the study period, and it is noticed that the values of the discharge of the studied sections ranged from 117.35 m3/sec  to 542.71 m3/sec, and the lowest average value of  discharge was 217.84 m3/sec on August 2018, and the high average value of discharge was 411.19 m3/sec on February 2019. The values of velocity of the current water of the studied sections ranged from 0.121 m/sec to 0.567 m/sec, and the lowest value of velocity was 0.225 m/sec on August 2018, and the high average value of velocity was 0.402 m/sec on April 2019. The flow area of Tigris River ranged from 295.6 m2 to 2080. 8 m2 during the period of study. The depth of water levels of Tigris River ranged from 1.36m to 4.68 m, the area of accumulated sediments upstream of Al-Kut Barrage ranged from 1069.2m2 to 2854. 4 m2 during the period of study. The volume of the accumulated sediments upstream Al-Kut Barrage ranged from 139000m3 to 257740m3.

Study of Water Quality of Tigris River Upstream Al-Kut Barrage

Jamal Naser Abedalrahman; Afnan Nema Mnaty

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 10-13
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168285

The study was conducted on the water quality of Tigris River in upstream of AL-Kut Barrage during the period of August 2018 to June 2019. Six vertical sections have been selected upstream of Al-Kut Barrage. The distance between one section to another was 100 m, the first section begins at 350 m from the origin of Barrage. The result showed that the values of cadmium ion were 0.0346 ug/L to 0.0707 ug/L. The Lead values of the Tigris River water samples were 4.29 ug /L to 8.33 ug /L. The values of nickel ion have been ranged between 7.59 ug/L to 9.75 ug/L. Zinc ions have been recorded 53.5 ug /L to 72.1 ug /L. The concentration of above ions was situated within Iraqi and world Health organization (WHO) criterions that relating with propriety of water of Tigris River for drinking and irrigation.

Evaluation of The Predatory Efficiency of Orius Albidipennis Reuter for Two Prey Species Myzus Persicae (Sulzer) and Thrips Tabaci Lind. on The Carrot Plant in Laboratory

Anmar Razak Khamis; Alaa Sabeeh Jabbar

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 14-22
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168286

The study aimed to investigate the effect of different densities of M.persicae and T. tabaci on the predatory ability of the predator O. albidipennis and determine the preference for one of the two prey, in addition to assessing the in vitro predator's efficiency in reducing the number of aphids on the carrot plant. The results indicated that the rates of predated adult and nymph thrips were significantly higher than that of predated aphids. The highest rate of predation for nymphs and adults thrips was 33.2 and 25 preys per day, respectively, at a density of 60prey/container, while the highest rate of predation of adults and nymphs of aphids was 19 and 13.2prey/day, respectively, at a density of 60prey/container. The food preference experiment showed that the adults of the predator O. albidipennis feed on the immature stages thrips and aphids when introduced together and have no clear preference for one of the prey. The results of evaluating the efficiency of predator adults on reducing different densities of aphids showed that the predator was effectively able to reduce the population increase of aphids when the insect densities were 10, 20 or 30 insect. however, the predator was not effective when introduced to aphids at starting density of 40, no significant difference was found due to predator presence or absence as the aphids population density were 118.4 and 135.2 insects/cage after four days, respectively.

The Effect of Biofertilizer of Azola, Phosphate and Nitrogen Fertilizers on Yield and Grain Quality of Rice

Sajjad H. J. Al-Bdairi; Jawad Abdul kadhem

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 23-31
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168287

A field experiment was carried out during the summer season of 2019 in one of the fields of Al-Tahiniah village - Al-Mahanawiya district which is 36 km away from the Diwaniyah governorate center, to study the effect of Azola, phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers and the interactions between them on yield components, yield and grains quality of the rice grown in water logging conditions. The experiment was arrangement as factorial experiment according to Randomized Complete Blocks Design (RCBD) at three replications. The experiment included three factors, the first factor included the application of Azolla (Azolla pinnata L.) at 20 tons ha-1 and the control treatment (without application of Azolla), while the second factor included application three levels of phosphate fertilizer (21, 42 and 84 kg P ha-1) as well as the control treatment (without application of phosphate fertilizer), whereas the third factor included application two levels of nitrogen fertilizer (92 and 184 kg N ha-1) as well as the control treatment (without application of nitrogen fertilizer). The results showed that the application of Azolla pinnata L. achieving the highest results of the number of panicles per plants, number of grains per panicle and grain yield by 30.30, 6.37 and 7.80% respectively compared with control treatment that achieved the lowest results for all traits respectively. Also, the application of phosphate fertilizer at half recommended amount (42 kg P ha-1) was significantly superior and gave the highest results of the number of panicles per plant, number of grains per panicle and grain yield with a significant increase of 35.29, 4.76 and 7.55 respectively compared with control treatment. In addition to, the application of nitrogen fertilizer at the recommended amount (184 kg N ha-1) had the highest results of the number of panicles per plant and number of grains per panicles by 48.29 and 5.75% respectively, without significant difference on the application of nitrogen fertilizer at half the recommended amount (92 kg N ha-1) which had the highest mean of the grain yield by 4.94% compared with control treatment which had the lowest results for all traits respectively. The interaction between the application of Azola and the levels of phosphate fertilizer, application of Azola and the levels of nitrogen fertilizer, application of phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers as well as the tri-interaction between three factors had significant effect in all the studied traits except the weight of 1000 grains. We can concluded that the application of Azolla pinnata L. reduced the amounts of phosphate and nitrogen fertilizer by 50% of Recommended amounts and led to improvement the yield and yield components of rice in addition to grain rice quality.

In Vitro Investigation of Trichoderma Strain Potential Against Fusarium Wilt of Tomato

Wiam Benlamoudi; Wassima Lakhdari; Abderrahmene Dehliz; Omar Guezoul

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 32-35
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168288

Three modes of action of Trichoderma strain are evaluated, with in vitro tests, in order to verify the potential of this antagonistic against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici isolated from tomato plant in Oued Righ region, Algerian southeast. Inhibition rates of Fusarium wilt of the order of 56, 65 and 70% are respectively obtained with antibiosis, competition and mycoparasitism mechanisms. Results, analyzed by ANOVA, are confirmed that the biological agent showed significant fungistatic effect towards Fusarium wilt of tomato most importantly by mycoparasitism that constitutes the most effective mechanism among all the tests applied. 

Rainfall Trends in Semi-Arid Cereal Regions of Algeria

Mawhoub Amirouche; Dalila Smadhi; Lakhdar Zella; Hakim Bachir

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 36-44
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.129187.1000

The study focuses on rainfall, number of rainy days and droughts, on an annual time step basis, over the period (1940-2019). Each parameter is analysed by the average behavior of 1,817 variables representative of 23 semi-arid wilayas. The approach helps to characterise the rainfall climate of cereal-growing regions, where production and yields per hectare are unstable for decades.The average rainfall, estimated at 423 mm, shows a cyclical evolution, reflected by a change in averages: 430, 405, 440 mm. These averages reproduce two relatively rainy cycles (1940-1970) and (2000-2019), separated by a dry cycle (1970-2000). The frequency of cyclical rains, however, shows that rains above 400 mm remain less dominant over 79 years. The averages of observations decrease progressively with the increase of the quantities of rains, that is to say, percentages that do not exceed 14, 13 and 9%. These characteristics underline interannual droughts, which fluctuate between 0.8 and -2.5, showing a progressively decreasing number of rainy days. The results obtained do not seem to explain all the variations in cereal production and yield. However, the correlation coefficients below 35% reflect the efficient use of rainfall during the crop growth cycle, which is subject to other production factors.

Assessment of Water Quality of Kodiat Rosfa Dam and Suitability For Consumption and Irrigation (Algeria)

Chellali Rachid; AISSAT Miloud; Berrekbia Mohammed

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 45-53
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.129419.1003

The approach adopted for the assessment of Kodiat Rosfa dam water quality, through the respective indexes WQI and IWQI, allowed to highlight the quality of its waters for the intended uses. Indeed, the physicochemical analyzes of the months of February, March, July and December, corresponding to the monthly precipitation and regularized volumes of 2013, 2014, 2015 selected,  revealed that 08 samples out of 12 have a WQI within 50 to 100, and 04 samples with WQI lower than 50. This classified the dam waters as good to excellent for consumption. Nevertheless, the results of IWQI index used to assess the quality of dam water Kodiat Rosfa for irrigation show that 7 samples out of 12 present an IWQI within 55 to 70 and 5 samples with IWQI lower than 55. These waters are characterized by moderate (MR) to high (HR) restriction.

Improvement of Interpolation Using Information From Rainfall Stations and Comparison of Hydroclimate Changes (1913-1938)/(1986-2016)

Hakim Bachir; Souheila Kezouh; M‘hamed Ait-oubelli; Ahcène Semar; Dalila Smadhi; Karim Ouamer-ali

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 54-67
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.129350.1002

The primary objective of this study is to use a better method for rainfall mapping in areas with low density rain gauge networks. Secondly, to identify and study hydro-climatic change in the semi-arid high plains of eastern Algeria on the basis of a comparative mapping approach. The latter concerns the annual rainfall map produced by the authors of this paper for the period studied (1986/2016) and the annual rainfall map for the period 1913/1938, prepared by Chaumont and Paquin (1971). The results of this analysis show that isohyets between 300 mm and 350 mm cover a large part of the study area, they occupy an area of 14444 Km², followed by isohyets between 200 mm and 300 mm with an area of 5298 Km². In addition, the comparative analysis between the periods showed that hydro-climatic change was clear for the 200 mm, 300 mm and 400 mm isohyets, whereas there are no major changes for the 500 mm and above isohyets. Data processing based on a combination of statistical and geostatistical analysis (multiple linear regression and kriging) has once again shown the value of taking into account other parameters in the design of rainfall maps, such as geomorphological and geographical parameters.

The Effect of Awassi Ewes Body Condition Scores on Milk Production, Composition and Lambs Growth

wissam jasim mohammed Ali

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 68-71
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168289

This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of body condition scores (BCS) and Sex of lamb on Awassi ewes milk production, composition and lambs growth. The experiment conducted at one of the Awassi sheep breeders in Baibokht area (8km north of Mosul city ) for three months. Ewes were fed concentrate  500g/ewe/day, 60% barley, 38%  wheat bran, 1% salt and 1% limestone, with grazing. ewes were divided in to three groups. First group body condition score (BCS 2), the second group (BCS 3) and the third group (BCS 4). The results revealed BCS3 had a significant effect (P<0.05) on weekly milk yield, total milk yield, fat percentage and lambs weight at different ages and no significant effects of BCS on milk Lactose, Protein, total solid and solid non-fat percentage. Sex of lamb had a significant effect (P<0.05) on weekly milk yield and total  milk yield and lambs weight from birth until weaning. And no significant effects on milk composition. In general this means that BCS  led to significant improvement in the studied traits for behalf highly BCS compared to low. Male lambs had a significant effect on ewes milk yield and lambs weight.

The Impact of Biological Inoculation on Zea Mays L. growth, Protein Content, and Iron Availability Under Different Levels of Water Stress

Tabarak Rahim Shuppar; Jawad Abdul kadhem

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 72-80
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2021.168290

This study aims to investigate the effect of biological inoculation with Azotobacter chrococcum and Glomus mosseae on the growth and yield of Zea mays L., the variety of Baghdad 3 under different levels of water stress. A field experiment was carried out in the fall season of 2020 in a private farm in the Diwaniyah Governorate-Afak district. According to the Randomized Complete Block Design R.C.B.D, the experiment was designed with three replications, and the treatment was distributed randomly. Three levels of irrigation were used in the experiment (I4 irrigation every four days, I7 irrigation every seven days,  I10 irrigation every ten days) and the levels of inoculation (B1 inoculation with A-chrococcum and B0 not inoculating with bacteria) and ( F1 inoculating with G-mosseae and F0 non-inoculation) and ( B1F1 interaction between fungus and bacteria). The means were compared using the L.S.D. Test at a 5% significance level. The results present that the treatments inoculated with fungi or bacteria or both, and for a seven-day irrigation period, significantly increased the values ​​of the traits (plant height, dry weight of the vegetative part, length of corn cob, protein percentage, soil content of available iron during the flowering and end of season periods). They had the highest values ​​ 358, 85.71, 25.63, 12.23, 0.5423, and 0.4873 cm plant-1, respectively, compared to the treatments (control + irrigation every ten days) as they resulted in 165, 32.87, 9.07, 6.75, 0.3133, and 0.2823 cm plant-1, respectively.

The Effect of the Conventional and Modified Subsoilers on the Soil Water Infiltration in Clay Soil During Sun Flower Crop Growth Stages (Helianthus annus L.)

Kawther A. H. Al-Mosawi; Bahaa A. J. A. Kareem

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2017, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 28-40
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2017.123899

A filed experiment has been conducted at college of agriculture research station, Garmit Ali , Basrah university in ( 2014 ) . The soil texture is clay . Three plow types are used namely modifiled subsoiler , conventional subsoiler and moldboard plow . The first two plows (subsoilers) are used at operating depths of 30 , 40 and 50 cm . The moldboard plow is used at operating depth of 25 cm . These plow types are used to study their effect on the soil water infiltration of the soil in after crop harvesting. The crop used in the experiments is sun flower ( Helianthus annus L.) . The following abbrivations are used for the modified and conventional subsoilers operating depths 30 , 40 , and 50 cm , which are they S1D1 , S1D2 , and S1D3 and S2D1 , S2D2 and S2D3 respectively . For the moldboard plow depth of 25 cm MT is used and no tillage treatment (NT) . The control treatment is given (con.) . The filed is divided into three equal area blocks . Each block is divided into nine experimental units . The experimental parameters are randomly distributed on experimental units . The crop seeds are planted on 4/4/2014 . The irrigation is added according to the difficiency in the water level of water evaporation basin . The addition of water is 100% of the measured evaporation value with another 20% as leaching requirement . The crop harvesting date is 4/7/2014 .The results showed :That plowing operation reduced Acumulative infiltration and infilteration rate are higher in the plowed soil compared with unplowed soil (NT) . At the end of season growth S1D3 recorded the highest equmilative and mean infiltration while the lowest values are recorded to MT . The rest of treatments gave medium results.

Effect of Breed and Some Non - Genetic Factors on Milk Production and Some Proportions of Its Chemical Components in Two Breeds of Local Sheep

Rahman Hussein AL-Qasimi; Shatha Mohammed Abbas; Allawi L.D. AL-Khauzai

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 227-231
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.167070

Abstract : The study was carried out on 19 ewes of local Awassi sheep and 12ewes local Arabi sheep in the Al-kafeel sheep station Karbala, to determine the effect of breed and some non-genetic factors such as (sex of the lamb, type of birth, age and weight of ewes at birth) on daily and total milk production and lactation period and some of milk components (fat, protein and lactose). The results showed that a significant effect (P <0.05) of the breed on milk production traits where Awassi sheep recorded the highest mean (0.91 kg , 101.63 kg , 104.86 day) compared to the Arabi sheep she was means (0.77 kg , 88.15 kg , 99.15 day) respectively. As well as in proportions of milk components with mean( 5.1 , 4.90 , 5.51) % respectively compared to the Arabi sheep (4.70 . 4.20 . 4.89) ewes with male lambs also exceeded superior ewes with female lambs in daily and total milk production and the lactation period the sex of the lamb did not affect the proportions of milk components the weight of the ewes had a significant effect (P <0.05) in milk production attributes with superior weight of ewes on lower ewes and did not affect the proportions of milk ingredients except for lactose. The type of birth and the age of the ewes did not have a significant effect in all the studied traits except for the superiority (P<0.05) of young ewes on age ewes in the fat percentage of milk.

The Effect of Partial Acidulated Phosphate Rock and Compost on Availability (Triticum aestivum L .)of Phosphorand Growth of Wheat

Dunya Faeq Munaf; Mohammed Abid Al-Robaiee

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2015, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 94-108
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2015.103164

A greenhouse pots experiment has been carried out using silty clay loam soil collected from Agronomy department field/College of Agriculture / University of Baghdad to study the behavior and effects of adding different phosphate sources and compost on wheat growth and soil content of phosphor in two stages of wheat growth (tillering& spikes formation). Wheat seeds Triticumaestivum L. are grown in 26/11/2013. Completely randomized block design (CRD) has been used and three mineral phosphate sources، phosphate rock PR (Ecashat region، Iraq),partial Acidulated phosphate rock PR (40 %) (PAPR) and Tri super phosphate (TSP) has been added at one rate (100 kg. p. ha-1 ) by mixing with soil before planting with two levels of compost 0 and 20 mega gram.ha-1 .The available soil phosphor and wheat growth parameters such as plant height , number of tillers , dry weight of vegetation and root plants and total dry weigh of plant are measured at tillering stage and spikes formation stage.
The results show that addition of the mineral phosphate sources and compost and their interaction show significant increases in soil available phosphor values. TSP addition gives the best significant differences followed by PAPR while addition of the phosphate rock does not give asignificant difference compared with the control at the two wheat growth stages. The percentages of increases in the average of the soil available phosphor are 32.7% , 12.81% at tillering and spikes formation stages in TSP and PAPR treatments respectively, and 46.7% , 42.8 % at tillering and spikes formation stages respectively when compost was added and 13. 61% at tillering stage and 11.4 %at spikes formation stage in interaction of compost with TSP. The addition of the mineral phosphate sources and compost and together show positive significant effects in most of growth parameters such as plant height ,tillers number and roots dry weight at spikes formation stage and total dry weight of plant , weight of straw at tillering and spikes formation stages .The TSP treatment is the best followed by PAPR treatment in increasing the last growth parameters compared with PR at which non-significant increases are recorded .

Interactive Effect of Different Phosphoure Levels, Biofertilizer and Organic Fertilization on Phosphorus Availability and Uptake in Corn Plant (Zea mays L.)

Iman Qasem ohammed; Hamad M. Salih; Hadi M . Kareem

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2016, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 79-89
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2016.110164

This experiment aims at testing the activity of biofertilizer, level of phosphorus and humic acid on P availability in the soil. The experiment has been executed in wood shade house of Soil and Water Resource Department College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib. Soil is collected from the soil surface (0-30 cm) of the field experiment, passed through the sieve of 4 mm then sterilized with methylbromide and packed at the rate of 5 kg soil / plastic pot.
The experiment involves three levels of P fertilizer (0 , 30 and 60 kg P ha-1) P0, P1 , P2, three levels of humic acid (0 , 20 and 40 kg H.A. ha-1), and two levels of biofertilizer BO (seed not inoculated) and B1 (seed inoculated with biofertilizer) and all possible combinations among these variables. There are 18 treatments each replicated three times. The N and K fertilizers were added to all experiment units at the rate of 240 kg N and 120 kg K . ha-1 . The RCD is adopted. P fertilizer and humic acid are added and mixed with soil surface in pots, and corn seed of biofertilizer treatments inoculated. Corn seeds of Var. 5018 are planted at the rate of 8 seeds pot-1 in 10-5-2013, then seedling thinned to 4 plant pot-1 after 10 days from planting. The results can be summarized as following:
1. The results from pot experiment show active biofertilizer as there is an increase in availability of P in the soil and its uptake by corn plant. Moreover, there are significant increases in dry weight, weight of corn roots by inoculating corn seed with biofertilizer.
2.There is no significant difference between 30 kg P ha-1 and 60 kg P ha-1 on the most of the studies variables (above).

The Effect of Irrigative Quality Water by Addition Various Acids of Growth and Wheat Total (Triticum aestivum)

Evan A. Al-Khafaji

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2017, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 151-159
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2017.124329

An experiment has been conducted to study the effect of the quality of irrigation water quality and festination with Potassium and KSC in wheat (Triticum aestivum) cv Moelhu growth productivity. Eight treatments were applied ; irrigation with river water , drainage water , river water plus Potassium humate , river water plus KSC , river water plus Potassium humate plus KSC , drainage water plus Potassium humate , drainage water plus KSC , drainage water plus Potassium humate plus KSC . The treatments are put in completely randomized design with three replications . The parameters measured included ; plant height , spike length , total chlorophyll in SPAD , biological yield , grain yield , harwst index and NPK leaves content .
The results show outweigh the treatment of river, the added organic matter type Slphoric acid and type Potassium humate as compared with the other proportion like the rate of chlorophyll in the leaves, while not it's significantly different from the treatment by drainage water that added organic matter to both previous properties, but it's significantly different as compared with it by plant height feature . and the drainage water excelled with added two types of organic matter in the character of the length of the tufts compared with the comparison treatment and treatment of river water that the added matter of both two types of organic material that are used in the experiment.

The Influence of Foliar Sprays with Some Nutrient Solutions and Plant Extracts and Zinc on Vegetative Growth of Okra Plants (Abelmoschus esculuntus L).

Baker Jilab Hadi

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2012, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 20-29
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2012.67607

This study is conducted at the greenhouse of the experimental research station
, College of Agriculture University of AL-Muthana . The experiment includes a
foliar sprays to Okra plants with fifteen treatments , i-e . F1 control . F2
liquorice roots extract at 3.5 gm L 1-F3 Prosolat 1.5 gmL ، 1-F4 Terrasorb .at
2mlL ، 1-F5 Garlic extract at 2.5 gmL 1- and the interaction between them . Theexperiment also includes the foliar spray with zinc at 0 , 3.5 , and 4.5 gmL ) 1-
Zn1 , Zn2 , Zn3 ) ZnSO7 . 4H2O was used as source of zinc element.
The foliar sprays with the foliar feeding is done three times with in 30 ، days
between each of them while the foliar sprays with zinc is done thrice , 15 days
between each of them . RCBD was adopted with three replicates using LSD at
0.05 to compare between the treatments .
The experimental results have shown that the highest vegetative growth values
is found when the plants is sprayed with liquorice root extract which also
significantly is superior that the other treatments in plant height , fresh and dry
weight of leaves per plant , fresh and dry weight of roots , fresh and dry weight
of shoots , the number of branches and leaves ( 41.81 cm , 20.4 gmplant ، 1-
3.81gmplant 14.09 ، 1- gmplant 3,94 ، 1- gmplant 67.32 ، 1- gmplant ، 1-
13.15gmplant 10.4 ، 1-branch plant ، 1- and 30.36 leaves plant 1- respectively ,
while no significant differences between F2 and F5 in the length of roots .
-1 Zn significantly increase the parameters
studied in their experiment over the others treatments

Effect of Urea and Nano-Nitrogen Fertigation and Foliar Application of Nano-Boron and Molybdenum on some Growth and Yield Parameters of Potato

Hayyawi W.A. Al-juthery; Estabraq Hilal Obaid Al-Maamouri

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 253-263
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.167074

Investigating the effect of urea and nano-nitrogen fertigation and foliar application of nano B and Mo on growth and yield of potato Solanum tuberosum L. [Rivera-A]. The study was conducted in a private farm located in the Al-Taleah area - Babylon governorate. The experiment consisted of (12) treatments consisting of separated fertigation of nano nitrogen (25% N) and urea (46% N), single treatments of leaf spraying of nano Mo (5%), Nano B (9%), nano-binary combinations (Mo+B) and (U+ Nano Mo), (U+Nano B), Nano (N+Mo), Nano (N+B), and tricombination treatments of (U+Mo+B), Nano (N+Mo+B) additional to the control treatment. Randomize Complete Block Design (RCBD) and one way simple experiment with three replicates. Fertilizers were applied at levels of 40 liters h-1 of Nano-N fertilizer (25% N) and 300 kg h-1 urea fertilizer (46% N). They were sprayed early in the morning after (40) days after planting four times. Two weeks is the period between an application and another according to the recommendation of (1) kg h-1 nano-fertilizer of (B) and (500) g h-1 of Mo. Fertilizers were injected and sprayed at (10, 20, 30 and 40)% of the total amount of the fertilizer were applied as the first, second, third and fourth applications, respectively. Some growth traits were tested including the chlorophyll content in the leaves, the total dry vegetative yild, the soft tubers yield, and the biological yield, proteins and ascorbic acid yield compared to the control (spray water only). The results of the Duncan test showed a significant increase in most of the studied traits of nano-tricombination (N+Mo+B) in the fresh tubers yield, dry vegetative yield , the biological yield, starch yield ,the total protein and ascorbic yield (37.53, 1.799, 8.138,4.152 , 481.3and 653.8 meg ha-1) respectively .compare to control (21.58 , 0.890, 4.463 ,2.323 , 366.1 and 215.5 meg ha-1) respectively.

The Effect of Different added & Concentration of Organic Fertilizer (Humic Acid) an Growth & Quotient Component of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) California Wander Cultured Under the Open Field .

Razaq Kadhim Rahman; Salman Shbeb Akol; Ameer Abass Hussein

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2014, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 26-37
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2014.93941

An experiment has been conducted in Altalia'a City / Babylon on Paprika Capsicum annunm, California wander cultivar , during the season 2012 under open field in loamy soil . This study includes (9) treatments which are resulted form three levels of humic acid ( 0 , 30 , 40 )g/m2 with 3 dates of added at (15 , 30, 45 days ) from transplanting and their effect on vegetative and fruit growth . The experiment adopts the Split Plot Design (SPD) within RCBD with three replicates and the means are compared to Duncan's Multiple Range Test at the probability level of 0.05.
Results show superiority of all concentrations of humic acid treatments significantly as compared with control treatment in all vegetative growth and fruiting properties and the interaction of is C×T significantly affected the above parameters to control treatment for the four pickings ( 2 , 4 , 6 , 8 ) , for recipes studied .
The treatment dates added have more than the first date on the other two date for prescription rate of plant height (cm) of the four pickings and the results are ( 115.3 , 120.4 , 130.7 , 145.4 ) cm , respectively .While the number of leaves / plant and the area cm2 / plant the second and the third date is superior on the first date , while the number of fruits / plant for the third date has significant above the picking (4, 6 , 8) and the results are ( 20.37 , 19.84 , 13.70 ), fruit / plant , respectively .
Whereas fruit weight in first and second dates are superior. Either recipe yield plant kg / plant outweigh the second date of the another dates and for the four pickings ( 2, 4, 6, 8 ) are ( 0.719 , 2.058 , 2.842 , 3.490 ) kg / plant , respectively

The Effect of Crossbreeding on Some Economic Traits for Chicks of Lohmann Chicken

Allawi Luaibi Dagher Al-Khauzai

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 221-226
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.167069

Abstract: The experiment has been conducted at the poultry farm of Al-Qadisyah University, College of Agriculture, Department of Animal Production , for the period 24/11/2018 till 10/4/2019 by using 80 hatching chicks which belong to 20 dams and 5 sires, each sire includes 16 chicks. Four chickens are put with each sire, the first sire( Leghorn) crossbreeding with dams of Lohmann , the remaining sires are local cocks ,with five Lohmann hens. The chicks of each sire divided into two replicates ,each replicate contains 8 chicks , the experiment continues for 42 days of age.
The experiment aims to study the effect of sire groups on growth traits (weight at hatching , weight at 42 days of age , weight gain and daily weight gain ) Also , the effect of sire on weekly consumption feed , in addition to estimate the heritability for previous traits and the genetic correlations among these traits.
The results can be summarized as follows :
1- The overall means of weight at hatching , weigh at 42 days of age , weight gain and daily weight gain are 34.572 , 354.898 , 320.327 and 7.627 gm respectively , the sire groups appear significantly (p0.05) effect on weight at hatching and weight at 42 days of age and weekly consumption seeds.
2- Sex has significantly (p0.05) effect on weight at hatching and weight at 42 days of age.
3- The conversion feed ratio is 3.462 gm consume feed/ gm of meat.
4- The estimated values of heritability for weight at hatching weight at 42 days of age , weight gain and daily weight gain and daily weight gain , are 0.332 , 0.55 , 0.55 and 0.56 respectively.
The values of genetic correlation between weight at hatching and weight at 42 days of age and between weight at hatching and weight gain are 0.98 and 0.58 respectively.

Studying Some The Functional Properties of Tamarind Tamarindus indica L. Mucilage

Ahmed H. A. Al-Jobouri

Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, 2020, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 304-307
DOI: 10.33794/qjas.2020.167474

The present study aimed to extract the mucilage from Tamarind Tamarindus indica L and studying some the functional properties . The values of solubility , water binding capacity and viscosity for tamarind seed mucilage were:  87.4 , 17.54 and 13.7 respectively . The tamarind seed mucilage showed varied oil binding capacity from 0.42- 0.73 ( g oil / g dry mucilage ) due to the type of oil used . The results showed a higher emulsification stability from tamarind seed mucilage. This results indicated the ability of using tamarind seed mucilage as stabilizer and emulsifier in food industry .

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